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SCIENCE SOURCE
Napier's Bones
SS2820738
BP5665
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Napier's Bones
Napier's bones is a manuallyoperated calculating device created by John Napier for calculation of products and quotients of numbers. The user places Napier's rods inside the rim to conduct multiplication or division. The board's left edge is divided into 9 squares, holding the numbers 1 to 9. The Napier's rods consist of strips of wood, metal or heavy cardboard. Napier's bones are threedimensional, square in cross section, with four different rods engraved on each one. A set of such bones might be enclosed in a convenient carrying case. A rod's surface comprises 9 squares, and each square, except for the top one, comprises two halves divided by a diagonal line. The first square of each rod holds a single digit, and the other squares hold this number's double, triple, quadruple, quintuple, and so on until the last square contains nine times the number in the top square. The digits of each product are written one to each side of the diagonal; numbers less than 10 occupy the lower triangle, with a zero in the top half. A set consists of 10 rods corresponding to digits 0 to 9. The rod 0, although it may look unnecessary, is needed for multipliers or multiplicands having 0 in them.
Source name:
SCIENCE SOURCE
Unique identifier:
SS2820738
Legacy Identifier:
BP5665
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3974px × 2858px 2MB
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Keywords:
16th century

abacus

adding

calculating

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famous

history

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invention

john napier

lattice multiplication

machine

manuallyoperated

math

mechanical calculator

multiplication

napier

napiers bones

napier's bones

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napier's rods

rabdology

renaissance

Science

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